Single Node Kubernetes Cluster - Deploying Kubernetes Dashboard

14 Jul 2019  Michal Fabjanski  2 mins read.

In the previous post, we have prepared an environment for work and installed Kubernetes and Docker. Now, we will deploy Kubernetes Dashboard.

Deploy Kubernetes Dashboard

Kubernetes Dashboard is web-based UI for Kbuernetes clusters. It allows to manage applications deployed in the cluster. Dashboard documentation is available at Kubernetes Github repo. Use the following command to deploy the dashboard on the cluster:

kubectl apply -f kubectl apply -f

To access Dashboard from your Ubuntu you must create a secure channel to your Kubernetes cluster. Run the following command:

kubectl proxy

Now check in the new Putty window if dashboard is properly exposed:

curl -I

You should see 200 OK Http response:

michal@michal:~$ curl -I
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Length: 2738
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Sun, 14 Jul 2019 10:07:39 GMT

Proxy to host Windows

We will use the Windows browser to manage the cluster. To enable this run the following command in Ubuntu terminal:

kubectl proxy --address --accept-hosts '^.*$' --port=8001

And go to!/login in your browser on windows. You should have seen the dashboard login screen. Please remember to change my inet IP adrress with your VM’s inet IP address. kubernetes-login

Creating a service account and a role binding in Kubernetes

To log in to our dashboard we need a service accout and a role binding. To create a service account, use the following command:

kubectl create serviceaccount --namespace kube-system admin-user

And for role binding:

kubectl create clusterrolebinding admin-user --clusterrole=cluster-admin --serviceaccount=kube-system:admin-user

Sign in to Kubernetes Dashboard

There are several ways to log into the dashboard. We can genereate JWT token:

kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep admin-user | awk '{print $1}')

Copy generated token and use it when logging in to the dashboard: kubernetes-login

Unfortunately, dashboard is only available via localhost. We can not log into the dashboard from the host system (Windows):

Dashboard should not be exposed publicly using kubectl proxy command as it only allows HTTP connection. For domains other than localhost and it will not be possible to sign in. Nothing will happen after clicking Sign in button on login page.

So, we can create SSH tunnel or enable skip loging. I chose the second option:

kubectl edit deployment/kubernetes-dashboard --namespace=kube-system

Add --enable-skip-login to the deployment’s command line arguments:

      - args:
        - --auto-generate-certificates
        - --enable-skip-login            # <-- add this line


Now refresh the dashboard and click on the “skip” button. You will be correctly logged into the dashboard: kubernetes-login


We have already configured a single node cluster and a dashboard thanks. Now you can manage your applications in Kubernetes. If you have any problems, I invite you to comment.